1. People who start drinking at an early age—such as age 14 or younger—are at much higher risk of developing alcohol problems at some point in their lives compared to someone who starts drinking at after 21.
2. A standard drink is any drink that contains about 14 grams of pure alcohol (about 0.6 fluid ounces or 1.2 tablespoons)
3. According to epidemiologic research, men who drink more than 4 standard drinks in a day (or more than 14 per week) and women who drink more than 3 in a day (or more than 7 per week) are at increased risk for alcohol-related problems.
4. Ten per cent of adults 18 years or older exceed both daily and weekly limits of alcohol; almost 1 out of 2 people in this group meet the definition of alcohol dependence or abuse.
5. Alcohol dependence (alcoholism) is a disease.
6. Some people develop alcoholism (alcohol dependence) even though no one in their family has a drinking problem.
7. One of the four symptoms of alcohol dependence is tolerance—the need to drink greater amounts of alcohol to get "high."
8. Alcohol abuse is defined as drinking despite alcohol-related physical, social, psychological, or occupational problems, or drinking in dangerous situations, such as while driving.
9. People may abuse alcohol without actually being alcoholics; they may drink too much and too often but still not be dependent on alcohol.
10. Denial is so common in people with alcohol problems that denial itself is a warning sign of alcohol problems.
11. “On any single occasion during the past 3 months, have you had more than 5 drinks containing alcohol?” is a question that one study found accurately identifies people who meet criteria for at-risk drinking or alcohol abuse or dependence.
12. Many alcoholics must hit bottom before they will want to get well.
13. Fellow workers of people with alcohol problems—including their immediate superiors—usually cover up for them.
14. Most of the time it’s advisable to shelter people with alcohol problems from situations where alcohol is present.
15. Millions of individuals have achieved complete long-term recovery from alcohol dependence, ended alcohol abuse and stopped at risk drinking and have gone on to experience healthy, meaningful, and productive lives.